At 600 seconds ( 10 minutes ), all things being equal, it will take 72,000 GW (or 72 Terawatts) of energy to mine one Bitcoin using the average energy usage provided by ASIC miners. Although it takes 10 minutes to discover each block and each block yields 6.Bitcoin mining is an all-or-nothing affair - miners receive 6.Mining is structured as a race between miners, who compete to solve computationally intensive puzzles and be the first in the network to successfully validate a new block and pocket the reward. New bitcoins are mined every 10 minutes. The time it takes for a miner to mine a bitcoin will depend on the mining power of the miner.
Bitcoin miners not only earn from the reward, but also from the transaction fee that Bitcoin users have to pay when making a Bitcoin transaction. We will focus primarily on Bitcoin (throughout, we will use Bitcoin when referring to the network or cryptocurrency as a concept, and bitcoin when referring to a quantity of individual tokens). Once miners have verified 1 MB (megabyte) of bitcoin transactions, known as a block, those miners are eligible to be rewarded with an amount of bitcoin (more on bitcoin rewards later as well). Unlike bitcoin mining pools, which essentially guarantee smaller regular payouts and eliminate most of the risks involved in bitcoin mining, solo mining is more of a gamble, but can also be more rewarding.
This convention is meant to keep Bitcoin users honest and was conceived by Bitcoin founder Satoshi Nakamoto. Aside from the short-term reward of Bitcoin, being a coin miner can give you voting power when changes to the Bitcoin network protocol are proposed. This is because only new Bitcoin are created ("mined") each time a new block is validated on the Bitcoin blockchain. A compelling reason to operate as a mining pool rather than as a lone Bitcoin miner is that the efficiency of Bitcoin mining is highly dependent on the type of mining hardware used.
However, even if you are not ready to go all in and start a large-scale solo mining business, it is possible to accumulate fractions of a Bitcoin (BTC) over time if a group of Bitcoin miners combine their computing resources to form a mining pool or mining farm and then share the block rewards among themselves. Alternatives to ASIC setups use GPUs for Bitcoin mining, which are less optimised for the currency's hashing algorithm, and therefore face a greater challenge in competing with ASIC mining equipment for block rewards on the Bitcoin network. A high hash rate makes the chances of success of each Bitcoin miner or Bitcoin mining pool relatively lower. This makes Bitcoin mining "slower" in a sense, as the relative chances of receiving Bitcoin as a reward decrease for both solo miners and mining pools.
Mining is the process of verifying Bitcoin transactions and adding them to the blocks of the Bitcoin blockchain. It is impossible to know an exact number, as a lost Bitcoin looks exactly the same on the blockchain as one that has not been lost.